Brazil

 

Security, smuggling, crime and corruption are major themse in Brazil. South America's giant has been threatened by Venezuela's military growth, and has responded by dragging its feet on multilateral regional initiatives.

 

Petrobras Empowers Turkey

(International Relations and Security Network, 10/06/2009)

The Brazilian president signs a deal with Turkey placing Petrobras at the forefront of Ankara’s future as a major energy hub.

 

Security and the other Tri-Border

(International Relations and Security Network 24/7/2008)
A meeting at one of South America's other tri-border regions brings Brazil and Colombia closer together, while promoting Brazil as a regional leader.

 

Brazil: Gun Buyback Program a Success
(International Relations and Security Network 28/2/2008)
A new study on violence and population shows that Brazil's 2004-05 gun buy-back program effectively reduced violence across the nation.

 

Ameripol comes to life

(International Relations and Security Network, 26/11/2007)

In a region where the military is often asked to perform police duties, a regional police force has formed to combat that tendency, but a number of challenges remain.

 

The Cautious Birth of a New Bank

(International Relations and Security Network, 15/10/2007)

South America's Banco del Sur as a hopeful, if cautious, step towards regional integration and away from Washington-controlled development money has a great chance for success but it could just as likely fail.

Brazil's Progressive New Security Plan

(International Relations and Security Network, 22/08/2007)

Brazil's new national security plan is a pioneering departure from zero-tolerance tactics, but for all the funding and good ideas, many are worried that implementation will be a problem.

 

The Win-Win Ethanol Alliance

(International Relations and Security Network, 24/04/2007)

The ethanol alliance between Brazil and the US cements an opportunity for each country to expand influence: on the world court for Brasilia and in South America for Washington.

 

Bush's Latin America Tour Unproductive

(International Relations and Security Network, 15/03/2007)

Without control of Congress, Bush can make no promises to Latin America and his tour through the region was little more than a photo opportunity.

 

The Ethanol Diplomacy Hoax

(International Relations and Security Network, 06/03/2007)

President Bush will come to Brazil with ideas of how the two countries can create an international ethanol market, but the US government is more interested in protecting farmers than strengthening ties with Brazil.

 

Renewed Engagement in Latin America

(International Relations and Security Network, 13/02/2007)

This year appears to be one of engagement with Latin America, starting with Brazil, but it will be tough for US diplomats to make up for lost ground due to a recent history of benign neglect toward the region.

 

The Future of Insecurity in Rio

(International Relations and Security Network, 08/01/2007)

Luiz Inacio "Lula" da Silva focused on security during the inauguration speech of his second term of office on 1 January.

 

Russia's Race to Arm the Americas

(International Relations and Security Network, 01/12/2006)

Rather than focus on a non-existent arms race in South America, US leaders, like leaders in Russia, should focus on improving military-military ties with Latin American countries.

 

Brazil Sends Strong Message with Spies

(International Relations and Security Network, 27/10/2006)

Brazil prepares to send spies to Venezuela and Bolivia as Brazilian leaders ready for the geopolitical maneuvering that will determine domination of South America.

 

An Alternative to a Failed MercoSur

(International Relations and Security Network, 09/08/2006)

In a region where loud voices of integration shout over a reality of failed trade policies, Chile's alternative to access to the Pacific may be a viable solution.

 

Brazil's P.C.C.: True Power Behind the Violence

(Power and Interest News Report, 24/05/06)

The violence that paralyzed Sao Paulo from May 12 until May 19 revealed the raw power of the First Capital Command (P.C.C.), considered one of the most powerful organized criminal factions in Brazil.

 

Riots Reveal Organized Crime Power in Brazil

(International Relations and Security Network, 18/05/2006)

Last weekend, Brazilians living in the greater Sao Paulo metropolitan area witnessed one of the country's largest prison riots in the past five years, organized and orchestrated by Sao Paulo's largest criminal faction, the First Capital Command (PCC in Portuguese).

 

Guns, Cocaine: One Market Out of Control

(International Relations and Security Network, 28/02/2006)

The market for small arms and light weapons has completely overlapped the cocaine market. Purchases for arms are no longer made with cash but with cocaine, and the same routes used to smuggle cocaine out of South America are used to smuggle guns in.

 

Brazilians to Vote on Ban on Sale of Legal Firearms

(International Relations and Security Network, 21/10/2005)

Millions of Brazilians will soon vote on a ban of gun sales to private citizens, taking into their own hands a fundamental decision about security in Brazil.

 

US Rethinks Military Presence in South America

(International Relations and Security Network, 21/09/2005)

The US military is increasing its military presence in South America due to alleged security threats related to ungoverned areas along borders, the so-called "war on terror", and the rising influence of Venezuela's Hugo Chavez.

 

Death Squad Justice in Latin America

(International Relations and Security Network, 19/09/2005)

Extrajudicial killings have become the norm in countries where a need for security sector reform is more obvious than ever and loyalty to due process ran out long ago.

 

Brazil Opens Carbon Credit Market

(International Relations and Security Network, 15/09/2005)

The Brazilian Development Ministry on Wednesday announced the launch of the region's first carbon credit market in cooperation with the Brazilian Stock Exchange in Rio de Janeiro, in a move that paves the way for industry in developed countries to counterbalance high levels of greenhouse gas emissions by purchasing carbon credits in Brazil.

 

China Entices South America with Investment

(International Relations and Security Network, 04/08/2005)

China's grand economic entrance into South America has some observers worried about a possible shift in the balance of power in the Western Hemisphere.

 

South America's Balancing Act: Socialism vs. Fiscal Conservatism

(InfoAmericas, 18/05/2005)

Countering the demands for more populist policies is the sobering reality for most political leaders that South America's reliance on foreign markets and capital requires fiscal conservatism.

 

Brazil's Gun BuyBack Program: Will it Work?

(Americas Policy, 15/10/2004)

In the wake of landmark disarmament legislation, Brazil inaugurated the country's first gun buy-back program. We're not sure if it will work the intended miracle: to reduce violent crime.

 

Impoverished Youth Face Little Option but to Die Young

(Americas Policy, 16/09/2004)

Story about the children and youth of organized armed violence in Rio de Janeiro.

 

City of Death

(Maxim Magazine, 15/05/2004)

A feature-length story on the urban wars that ravage the slums of Brazil's most beautiful city.

 

Brazil: Ten Years of Viva Rio

(Brazzil Magazine, 14/12/2003)

Viva Rio was the first of many anti-violence NGOs founded in response to the Candelária church and the Vigário Geral slum massacres in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Its mandate: to motivate individuals, businesses, associations, and government officials to construct a more just and democratic society.

 

Under the Gun in Rio

(Brazzil Magazine, 05/11/2003)

In Rio, anyone can ask around and find a cheap pistol and a handful of bullets. Clandestine gun dealers sell revolvers for as little as US$ 18. As a result, altercations between motorists, taxi drivers, or other civilians, which might become a shouting match now frequently end in blood shed and often death.

 

Over Four Thousand Small Arms Destroyed on Eve of UN Conference

(In Motion Magazine, 06/08/2003)

There are over 80 million illigal weapons in circulation in Brazil. The country's most beautiful city took a step in the right direction when it gathered and destroyed thousands of these weapons, drawing attention to the world-wide problem of the illicit trade of small arms and light weapons.

 

A Thin Veil of Beauty Shrouds Reality in Rio de Janeiro

(In Motion Magazine, 28/09/2003)

True, Rio de Janeiro is a beautiful place to live. But daily crime and violence may soon overshadow the beauty. Many claim it already has.

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